Narrative writing; its types and ways to ace it

Written By: Shaun Marsh
Published On: April 3rd, 2023

Narrative writing is a fundamental skill that can help students improve their communication, creativity, and critical thinking abilities. Learning how to write compelling narratives can also enhance students' personal and academic growth by allowing them to explore different perspectives, express their ideas more effectively, and develop a deeper understanding of themselves and the world around them.

What is narrative writing

Narrative writing is a form of storytelling that conveys a series of events or experiences to the reader. It is a genre of writing that is commonly used in literature, journalism, and creative writing. The purpose of narrative writing is to engage the reader by transporting them into the story and making them feel like they are a part of the action.
Narrative writing typically includes several important elements, such as characters, setting, plot, and theme. The characters in a narrative are the individuals or entities that drive the story forward. They can be real or fictional, and they can be complex or simple. The setting is the time and place in which the story takes place, and it can be realistic or fantastical.
The plot of a narrative is the sequence of events that occur in the story. It includes the exposition, which sets up the story and introduces the characters, the rising action, which builds tension and conflict, the climax, which is the turning point of the story, the falling action, which resolves the conflict, and the resolution, which provides closure to the story.
The theme of a narrative is the underlying message or moral of the story. It is often revealed through the actions and dialogue of the characters and can be explicit or implicit. Narrative writing can be presented in a variety of formats, including short stories, novels, plays, and screenplays. It can also be presented in non-fiction forms, such as memoirs and personal essays.
Overall, narrative writing is a powerful tool for communicating ideas and experiences to others. It allows the reader to connect with the story and the characters, and it can be used to explore complex themes and emotions.

What are different types of narratives

Narratives are stories that describe events or experiences, typically in a structured format. Narratives can take many forms, and can be found in literature, film, music, visual art, and even everyday conversation. Here are some of the different types of narratives:
Fictional narratives:
These are stories that are entirely made up. They can take many forms, such as novels, short stories, plays, and poetry. Fictional narratives often have characters, a plot, and a setting, and may explore themes and issues that are relevant to human experience.
Nonfiction narratives:
These are stories that are based on real events or experiences. Nonfiction narratives can take many forms, such as memoirs, biographies, news articles, and documentaries. Nonfiction narratives often aim to provide readers or viewers with factual information about a particular subject or issue.
Oral narratives:
These are stories that are told through spoken word, often in the context of oral traditions. Oral narratives can take many forms, such as myths, legends, folktales, and personal anecdotes. Oral narratives are often passed down from generation to generation and can provide insight into the values and beliefs of a particular culture.
Visual narratives:
These are stories that are told through visual media, such as paintings, photographs, comics, and graphic novels. Visual narratives often rely on visual elements to convey meaning, such as color, composition, and symbolism.
Interactive narratives:
These are stories that allow the reader or viewer to interact with the narrative in some way. Interactive narratives can take many forms, such as video games, choose-your-own-adventure books, and virtual reality experiences. Interactive narratives often provide the reader or viewer with a sense of agency and immersion in the story.
Expository narratives:
These are stories that are used to explain or describe a particular subject or issue. Expository narratives can take many forms, such as scientific reports, history books, and instructional manuals. Expository narratives often aim to provide readers with factual information in a clear and concise manner.
In summary, narratives can take many forms, and can be fictional or nonfictional, oral or visual, interactive or expository. Each type of narrative offers unique opportunities for storytelling and can provide insight into the human experience.

How to write fictional narrative

Writing a fictional narrative can be a challenging but rewarding experience. Here are some general steps you can follow to write a fictional narrative: Brainstorm your ideas: Think of a concept or a story that you want to tell. Consider your audience and the type of story you want to write. Brainstorm your characters, setting, and plot.
Develop your characters:
Your characters should be well-developed and relatable. Think about their motivations, personality traits, and backstories. Create a character profile for each of your main characters.
Create an outline:
Create an outline of your story. This will help you organize your ideas and ensure that your story has a clear beginning, middle, and end.
Write your draft:
Start writing your first draft. Don't worry about making it perfect - you can always revise it later. Try to write consistently to keep your momentum going.
Edit and revise:
Once you've finished your first draft, go back and read it carefully. Look for areas where you can improve the story, such as pacing, dialogue, and character development. Make any necessary changes and rewrite sections as needed.
Polish your final draft:
After several rounds of editing and revising, you should have a polished final draft. Read it out loud to catch any errors or awkward phrasing. Make sure your story flows well and your characters are well-developed.
Share your work:
Share your story with others, such as friends, family, or a writing group. Listen to their feedback and use it to improve your writing. Remember, writing a fictional narrative is a creative process, and there is no one "right" way to do it. Trust your instincts and have fun with it!

How to write non-fictional narrative

Writing a non-fiction narrative involves telling a true story in a compelling and engaging way. It requires a combination of storytelling skills, research, and a deep understanding of the subject matter. Here are some steps to help you write a non-fiction narrative:
Choose a topic:
Start by choosing a topic that you are passionate about and that you have a deep knowledge of. This could be a personal experience, a historical event, or a scientific discovery. Make sure that your topic is interesting and relevant to your audience.
Conduct research:
Once you have chosen your topic, research it thoroughly. Gather as much information as possible from a variety of sources, such as books, articles, interviews, and documentaries. Take notes and organize your research in a way that makes sense to you.
Create an outline:
Organize your story into a clear and logical structure. Create an outline that includes the key points of your story, such as the beginning, middle, and end, and any major events or plot twists that you want to include. This will help you stay focused and keep your narrative on track.
Write the first draft:
Start writing your narrative using your outline as a guide. Write in a clear and engaging style, using descriptive language and dialogue to bring your story to life. Make sure to include facts and details that support your narrative and provide context for your readers.
Revise and edit:
Once you have written your first draft, revise and edit it several times. Look for areas where your writing can be improved, such as awkward phrasing or unclear descriptions. Make sure that your narrative flows smoothly and that your transitions are clear.
Get feedback:
Share your draft with others and ask for feedback. This could be from friends, family, or other writers. Consider their suggestions and make changes to your narrative as needed.
Once you are happy with your final draft, it's time to publish your narrative. This could be in the form of a book, an article, or a blog post. Make sure that your narrative is properly formatted and that it is accessible to your intended audience.
Remember that writing a non-fiction narrative is a process that takes time and effort. Stay patient, stay focused, and keep writing until you have created a compelling and engaging story that your readers will love.

How to write oral narrative

An oral narrative is a spoken story or tale that is usually presented to an audience. It is a form of storytelling that has been used for centuries to entertain, educate, and pass on cultural traditions. Writing an oral narrative requires a slightly different approach than writing a written narrative. Here are some tips to help you write an effective oral narrative:

Choose a topic:
The first step in writing an oral narrative is to choose a topic. Think about what story you want to tell and what message you want to convey. Your story can be fictional or based on a real-life experience.
Create an outline:
Once you have a topic, create an outline of your narrative. This will help you organize your thoughts and ensure that your story has a clear beginning, middle, and end. Your outline should include a hook to grab the audience's attention, the main events of the story, and a conclusion.
Use descriptive language:
To make your narrative engaging and memorable, use descriptive language. Describe the setting, characters, and emotions in a way that will captivate the audience's imagination.
Use dialogue:
Dialogue is an essential component of any narrative. It helps bring the characters to life and makes the story more engaging. When writing your oral narrative, include dialogue that is natural and fits with the characters and the setting.
Practice your delivery:
Writing an oral narrative is only part of the process. To be effective, you need to practice your delivery. Read your narrative out loud and practice using different tones of voice and gestures to emphasize key points. This will help you to engage your audience and keep their attention.
Keep it concise:
Finally, keep your oral narrative concise. While it can be tempting to include lots of details and background information, too much information can be overwhelming for the audience. Focus on the key points of your story and make sure that your narrative flows smoothly from beginning to end.
In summary, to write an effective oral narrative, choose a topic, create an outline, use descriptive language, include dialogue, practice your delivery, and keep it concise. With these tips in mind, you can create a compelling and engaging narrative that will captivate your audience.

What are some strategies to write narratives

Here are some strategies that can help you write effective narratives:
Plan your story:
Before you start writing, take some time to plan out the story. This can include creating an outline, brainstorming ideas, and developing characters.
Establish the setting and characters:
Introduce the setting and characters early on in the story, so the reader can visualize and become invested in the story.
Create tension and conflict:
Conflict is what makes a story interesting, so make sure to include some sort of tension or conflict in your narrative. This could be a physical conflict, a moral dilemma, or an internal struggle.
Use sensory details:
Incorporate sensory details, such as smells, sounds, and textures, to make the story more vivid and immersive.
Show, don't tell: Rather than telling the reader what is happening in the story, try to show them through character actions and dialogue.
Use dialogue effectively:
Dialogue can reveal character and move the plot forward, so use it strategically and make it sound natural.
Have a clear beginning, middle, and end:
A narrative should have a clear structure with a beginning, middle, and end. Make sure the story has a satisfying conclusion that ties up loose ends.
Edit and revise:
Once you have completed a draft of the story, edit and revise it to improve the pacing, character development, and plot.